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Archive for the ‘Illinois drunk driving laws’ tag

What Sobriety Tests can Drivers Refuse When Pulled Over for a DUI?

March 12th, 2020 at 9:38 am

IL DUI attorney, IL defense lawyerProsecutors in Kane County will be stepping up their DUI patrols during the weekend just before St. Patrick’s Day. While this is the 25th year in a row that Kane County has conducted these patrols known as “No Refusal” patrols, there is an important change this year.

When a driver is pulled over for a suspected DUI and refuses to submit to a chemical test, such as the breathalyzer, they will automatically lose their driver’s license for one year. Law enforcement will then contact an on-call judge that can issue an immediate warrant for the test. If the suspected driver still refuses, the test can be taken forcefully, and the driver can even face charges of obstruction of justice. The news of the patrols, and the change, has many drivers asking when they can refuse a test, and what type of test they can refuse if pulled over for a DUI.

Refusing Chemical Tests

Chemical tests used to prove that a driver is operating a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 or greater can include breath tests, blood tests, and urine tests. Any time a driver is pulled over for a suspected DUI and refuses to submit to these tests, they will likely lose their license for one year. This is true in all counties, and at any time of the year.

This penalty drivers face is due to Illinois’ implied consent laws. Implied consent means that any time a driver gets behind the wheel, they have already consented to a chemical test if law enforcement asks them to submit to one.

Even with the implied consent law and the penalty that results from refusing a test, it is usually advised that drivers refuse these tests. The results from these tests can provide the prosecution with the proof they need to secure a conviction and so, in most but not all cases it is advised that drivers refuse these tests. For example, due to the additional charge drivers may face in March in Kane County, when a subpoena has been obtained, drivers should submit to these tests.

Field Sobriety Tests

Another type of test law enforcement may ask drivers to submit to include field sobriety tests. These tests include the Walk-and-Turn test, the One-Leg Stand test, and more. These tests are highly subjective, rely largely on the officer’s own opinion, and are highly unreliable. Drivers can refuse these tests without fear of losing their driver’s license, but they will still likely be arrested for a DUI. Like chemical tests, it is advised that all drivers always refuse field sobriety tests so they do not provide the prosecution with evidence.

Our Illinois DUI Lawyer can Help with Your DUI Charges

If you are facing DUI charges, you need the help of our skilled Rolling Meadows DUI lawyer at the Law Offices of Christopher M. Cosley. Attorney Cosley has helped many clients beat their DUI charges and he will put that experience to work for you. After reviewing your case he will create a solid defense to give you the best chance of a successful outcome. If you or a loved one has been arrested for a DUI, call us today at 847-394-3200 to schedule your free consultation and to learn more about how he can help.

 

Source:

https://www.dailyherald.com/news/20200217/kane-county-authorities-plan-no-refusal-dui-patrol-around-st-patricks-day-with-one-change

 

What Are Your Rights When Approaching a DUI Checkpoint?

December 26th, 2019 at 9:07 am

IL DUI, IL drunk driving lawyer, IL DUI checkpoint lawyerThe holidays are approaching and that means in Illinois, you will likely come across more DUI checkpoints as you are traveling between shopping malls, restaurants, and the homes of loved ones. During the landmark case, Michigan Department of State Police v. Sitz, the United States Supreme Court ruled that these checkpoints do not violate a person’s rights. However, the federal government leaves it up to the individual states to determine if these stops go against the state’s constitution, and how to operate them if they determine they are legal.

Unlike some states, such as neighboring Wisconsin, in Illinois, DUI checkpoints are considered legal. That doesn’t mean though, that you do not have any rights when approaching one.

How DUI Checkpoints Work

Law enforcement has the right to set up DUI checkpoints any time they wish and in nearly any location. They cannot set these checkpoints up in areas that would cause needless traffic jams, or that would pose a hazard to drivers, such as on a highway. Police typically choose a location where arrests for DUIs are common. Sometimes police departments may announce where these checkpoints are, in the hopes that it will deter drunk driving. Other times, they may be more discreet, in the hopes of catching drivers off guard.

When setting up the checkpoint, law enforcement must use lights, signal flares, or signs to tell drivers that they are approaching a checkpoint. All vehicles and officers on the scene must be clearly marked to indicate that they belong to law enforcement.

Officers are not allowed to detain drivers they have no reason to believe has been drinking or committing any other criminal activity. If they want to ask a driver to get out of their vehicle, or to search the vehicle, they must have reasonable suspicion that the driver is drunk or has committed another offense. Lastly, officers cannot arrest someone without a reason to believe that the person has committed a crime.

Your Rights at a DUI Checkpoint

In Illinois, you are allowed to turn your vehicle around if you are approaching a DUI stop and wish to avoid it. You must make this turn legally. If you decide to proceed through the checkpoint, it is important to understand that you still have the same rights as someone that is pulled over by police for a suspected DUI.

You do still have the right to remain silent if you could incriminate yourself, such as admitting that you had been drinking. You can also refuse to perform field sobriety tests and can refuse to submit to a breathalyzer test, although your driver’s license will likely be automatically suspended for one year.

If the police arrest you at the checkpoint, you still have the right to remain silent until speaking to an attorney. You also have the right to refuse to provide a blood sample until you are presented with a warrant signed by a judge.

Arrested at a DUI Checkpoint? Call an Illinois Criminal Defense Attorney

Too many people in Illinois are confused about their rights when they approach a DUI checkpoint. The fact is everyone has them and, too often, law enforcement violate those rights in their eagerness to make an arrest. If you have been charged with a DUI arrest after passing through a checkpoint, call our skilled Rolling Meadows criminal defense lawyer at the Law Offices of Christopher M. Cosley. Our attorney has the experience necessary to challenge these charges and give you the best chance of beating them. Call us today at 847-394-3200 to schedule your free consultation to learn how we can help.

 

Source:

https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/496/444

Illinois DUI FAQs

September 12th, 2019 at 7:20 am

IL DUI lawyer, IL defense attorney, There are many myths floating around out there about a person’s rights and obligations when they are pulled over for a DUI. This leads to many questions, and people not being aware of what they should do and what they should not if a police officer pulls them over. It is important that everyone in Illinois knows what the law requires of them, so they do not find themselves in deeper trouble after the initial traffic stop. Below are some of the most frequently asked questions about DUI charges in Illinois, and the answers to them.

What Is a DUI?

DUI stands for driving under the influence. In Illinois, any motorist caught driving with a blood alcohol content (BAC) 0.08 or higher will likely face DUI charges. Driving while impaired by other substances such as medicinal marijuana or prescription medication can also result in a DUI charge. Individuals under the age of 21 and bus drivers must have a BAC of zero.

What Happens During a DUI Traffic Stop?

In Illinois, law enforcement is only allowed to pull someone over for a suspected DUI if they have reasonable cause. This means they must have observed conduct that was not consistent with reasonable driving behavior. If they saw a driver swerving in and out of lanes, for example, that is reasonable cause.

A police officer will likely begin by asking for your driver’s license, vehicle registration, and insurance information. If they still suspect that you are under the influence, they will then ask you to perform certain sobriety tests. If, after performing the field sobriety tests, the officer still suspects you of DUI, they will arrest you and take you to the police station.

It is important to understand that there is no law in Illinois that requires you to take field sobriety tests. Submitting to them could hurt your case in the future, as they are highly unreliable.

What Happens if I Refuse a Chemical Test?

Chemical tests can include breath, urine, or blood testing. While you can refuse field sobriety tests, you cannot refuse chemical testing. Under Illinois’ implied consent laws, all drivers have already given consent for this testing when they get behind the wheel. Anyone that fails to submit to these tests will have their license suspended for one year.

What Is a Statutory Summary Suspension/Revocation?

If you refuse to take the chemical tests or fail the tests, your license is automatically suspended. This suspension takes place 46 days after the date on the suspension notice. Anyone with an Illinois driver’s license that refuses chemical testing in any other state will also have their license suspended in Illinois.

Do I Need an Illinois DUI Lawyer?

Yes. If you have been charged with DUI, there is a lot on the line. You will likely lose your license if you have not already, and you could even face jail time. A skilled Rolling Meadows DUI lawyer will do everything they can to prevent that from happening. At the Law Offices of Christopher M. Cosley, we want to help. We will fight for your rights, ensure the traffic stop was legal, and prepare a strong defense to give you the best chance of a positive outcome. Call us today at 847-394-3200 to schedule your free consultation so we can start discussing your case.

 

Source:

http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/fulltext.asp?DocName=062500050K11-501

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