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Archive for the ‘crime rates’ tag

Indirect Effects of Mandatory Minimum Sentences

April 17th, 2014 at 12:37 pm

mandatory minimum sentenceDefendants who are convicted of certain types of crimes – including murder, sex offenses, and drug crimes – face sentences that often include mandatory minimum incarceration time. These are minimum periods of incarceration that leave very little room for judicial discretion or leniency in their imposition, and can amount to decades spent in jail for the defendants.

The intended purposes that are achieved by such mandatory minimum sentences include deterrence, protecting the public, and punishment of the perpetrator. However, such lengthy mandatory sentences also have indirect effects that ripple outward from the defendant. As a recent article discussed, mandatory minimum sentences involve collateral damage to children of defendants who are forced to parent from prison.

A Wave of Incarcerated Parents

Just before the year 2000, there were almost 1.5 million minor children who had a parent that was incarcerated. That number represented an approximate 50 percent increase from the same statistic in 1991. The significant increase is arguable directly correlated to the emergence and imposition of mandatory minimum sentences, which caused an influx of incarcerated individuals as judges’ discretion was severely limited in handing out prison terms.

Mandatory minimums were a response to the rising crime rates and drug problems of the 1980s. The new sentencing structure applied to a wider array of crimes and increased penalties associated with them. This not only caused prison populations to dramatically rise over the next number of years, but also made costs significantly rise as well. The effects on children and families of those incarcerated were occurring simultaneously.

The Effect on Children and Families

Families are more vulnerable as the result of the policy shift towards mandatory minimums. Further, the opportunities and life chances that children of incarcerated parents may otherwise have are greatly reduced. This is not surprising, considering the fact that in cases such as these, the parent-child relationship is almost exclusively limited to phone interaction, if at all. While many credit the current low crime rates as a direct benefit of mandatory minimums, there is a detectable, however slight, shift in thinking when it comes to the harsh penalties.

Society seems to be viewing the policy and considering who should really be behind bars. One problem with mandatory minimum sentences is the ability to abuse them, especially in drug cases. Prosecutors often bolster the facts and weight of the illegal substances, which is directly tied to the length of a mandatory minimum sentence, in order to gain additional information, implicate others, and produce confessions. This could lead to extreme penalties for low-level associates with minor involvement in the drug trade, while other offenders, including rapists, kidnappers, and even murderers, serve just a fraction of the sentence.

Alternatives to Prison

The change in societal thinking toward mandatory minimum sentences is reflected in the formation of non-profit groups and organizations that focus on promoting alternatives to prison and organizing families of prisoners in order to advocate change. Such ideas are gaining popularity among politicians from both sides. The discussion is directed more toward being smart on crime as opposed to being unnecessarily tough on crime. The ideas are most relevant to non-violent offenders who do not have a long criminal history. Bills are being passed to lower mandatory minimums, even making the change retroactive.

Criminal Defense Attorney

Although the public seems to be increasingly in favor of once again giving judges discretion in imposing sentences, others argue that mandatory minimums are still appropriate in cases involving hardened criminals and the most serious crimes. If you are charged with a crime in the Chicago area, it is best to have an experienced criminal defense attorney on your side. Contact the Law Offices of Christopher M. Cosley today and schedule a consultation. We will work diligently to protect your rights.

Chicago police boss says they’re doing better

December 11th, 2012 at 5:55 am

Chicago policeChicago Police Superintendent Garry McCarthy praised the department’s efforts this year. Earlier in the year, homicides skyrocketed and the department’s crime fighting strategy has been working hard to decrease the murder rate since.

At a news conference at the police headquarters, McCarthy told reporters that although the problem is not completely fixed, the department is doing better and he that needs to be recognized. “I can’t change what happened in the first quarter. What I can do, is to fix it going forward.”

Compared with 2011 at the same time, homicides had increased 66 percent in Chicago by April of 2012. McCarthy shared that that rate had been gradually brought down throughout the year to only about an 18 percent increase from last year.

McCarthy gave credit of the reduction of homicides was given to the city’s decision to demolish more vacant buildings, arrest more gang members, and focus police attention on individuals are individuals that are more likely to commit future crimes. He said that, in general, the city is seeing less overall crime than it has for decades.

Chicago is reported to currently have the lowest crime rate that the city had seen in 30 years, according to McCarthy. The city seems to be in such a good crime position that it may even be in the lead for the whole nation for crime reduction.

Just after McCarthy praised the Chicago Police Department, the department retired the star of Officer Clifton Lewis. He was murdered last December while he was working off-duty as a security guard at an Austin convenience store.

Although crime rates have decreased in Chicago, there is still plenty occurring. If you are in criminal trouble contact the Law Offices of Christopher M. Cosley. These experienced criminal attorneys can help you today. Contact them or stop by in Rolling Meadows, Illinois.

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